Celebrating the 19th Amendment

The Nineteenth Amendment, which granted women the right to vote, was certified by Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby on August 26, 1920. Better known as the Susan B Anthony Amendment, congressional approval and ratification by the requisite 75% of states was the result of over seventy years of active struggle. An amendment allowing women the vote had been introduced in Congress as early as 1878! Although some women had sought equal treatment under the law since Colonial times, the modern organization for women’s suffrage grew out of the Abolition and Temperance movements of the mid-1800s. Many detractors were concerned that women’s suffrage would mean a ban on alcohol and child labor.

Women whose names we know today – Anthony, Lucretia Coffin Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton – were joined by men such as Henry Ward Beecher and Ralph Waldo Emerson in support of equal rights. The Seneca Falls Convention, in July 1848, marked a shift away from the earlier social movements into a focus on women’s right to vote. A further division occurred after the Civil War, when concern about the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment (granting the vote to African American men, including the formerly enslaved) divided supporters into a federal faction led by Anthony and Stanton and Lucy Stone’s state-by-state approach. In 1890, Anthony and Stanton’s group joined forces with Stone’s to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association, with notable members like Clara Barton and Julia Ward Howe.

Although western territories and states were early adopters of woman suffrage, beginning with Wyoming in 1869, the struggle for women’s right to vote gained traction after 1900, as more women were going to college and joining the workforce in white-collar jobs. While Carrie Chapman Catt focused on winning the support of senators and lobbyists, militant strategists like Alice Paul organized marches, rallies, and even hunger strikes to gain national support. After World War I, the 19th Amendment was finally approved by Congress in 1919 and ratified a year later when, on August 18, 1920, Tennessee became the 36th state to sign.

Joint Resolution of Congress proposing a constitutional amendment extending the right of suffrage to women, approved June 4, 1919. Ratified Amendments, 1795-1992; General Records of the United States Government; Record Group 11; National Archives.

Works Cited

Joint Resolution of Congress proposing a constitutional amendment extending the right of suffrage to women, approved June 4, 1919. Ratified Amendments, 1795-1992; General Records of the United States Government; Record Group 11; National Archives. https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=63.

Mintz, Steven. “The passage of the Nineteenth Amendment.” OAH Magazine of History, vol 21, no. 3, 2007, pp. 47-50. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/25162130.

“Woman Suffrage.” Encyclopedia. Issues & Controversies in American History, Infobase, https://icah-infobaselearning-com.ezjsrcc.vccs.edu:2443/icahencyarticle.aspx?ID=23336.

Let’s Talk Series

This summer the library started hosting a weekly book club and movie/tv club to discuss all of your favorite books, audiobooks, movies and television series! We are pleased to be able to offer this series again this fall! We cannot wait for you to join us, let us know what you think, give us your recommendations, meet our hosts and make new friends! All students, staff, faculty and public patrons are welcome to REGISTER HERE to reserve their seat today! You may also register by e-mailing us at library@reynolds.edu.

Up next we’ve got:
Let’s Talk Books: Action/Adventure!
Wednesday, Sept 23rd at 7:30PM
register here!

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Upcoming Schedule:

Sept 23:
Action/Adventure books

Sept 30:
Classics of Suspense in Film, with a focus on Strangers on a Train (1951)

Oct 7:
Stephen King Books vs. Movies!
*celebrating Halloween!

Past Discussions
– Classic Sci Fi movies/tv, focus on Alien (1979)
– Favorite genres/books/authors, Quarantine reads kick-off
– Disaster movies/tv, focus on Jurassic Park (1993)
– Summer/Beach reads
– Coming of Age movies/tv, focus on Eighth Grade (2018)
– Middle Grade & Young Adult novels
– Rom-com movies/tv, focus on When Harry Met Sally (1989)
– Comics, Manga & Graphic Novels
– Horror movies/tv, focus on Get Out (2017)
– Ghost Stories
– Books vs Movies: Modern Sci Fi, focus on Blade Runner 2049 (2017) & Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968) by Philip K. Dick
– Romance novels and chick lit
– Children’s Movies, focus on An American Tail, 1986

Juneteenth

File:Emancipation Day celebration - 1900-06-19.jpg
Juneteenth Emancipation Day Celebration, June 19, 1900, Texas by Mrs. Charles Stephenson (Grace Murray) from The Portal to Texas History Austin History Center, Austin Public Library. This media file is in the public domain in the United States.

On June 19th, 1865, in Galveston, Texas Union Major General Gordon Granger read General Order Number Three to an assembled group of people stating that all slaves were free. This was the news that resulted from Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation from Jan. 1, 1863 as it finally reached all states, and Texas became the very last state to hear of the news.  Within the black community, this announcement sparked an immediate celebration, and was again celebrated the following year. Years later at Booker T. Washington Park in Limestone, Texas the celebrations drew thousands of people in commemoration of this freedom. Black families gathered together that day to commemorate their final notification that slavery had officially ended.

As a result the date of June 19th was known as the blended word, Juneteenth, and celebrations spread throughout Texas and neighboring states. In the 19th century, festivities included the reading of the Emancipation Proclamation, slave stories, prayer, speeches, rodeos, dances, games and lots of food. As populations spread from the southern United States to more urban areas the celebrations continued.  In the 1970’s the popularity of Juneteenth was resurfacing in Texas, and in 1980 it became a state holiday. Celebrations now include many festivities in many states as a celebration of freedom from slavery.

“Juneteenth.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition, Feb. 2020, p. 1. EBSCOhost, ezjsrcc.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=khh&AN=134522961&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Prather, Patricia Smith. “Juneteenth.” Cobblestone, vol. 18, no. 3, Mar. 1997, p. 17. EBSCOhost, ezjsrcc.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=khh&AN=9704025456&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Wynn, Linda T. “Juneteenth.” Freedom Facts & Firsts: 400 Years of the African American Civil Rights Experience, Jan. 2009, p. 26. EBSCOhost, ezjsrcc.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=khh&AN=40073964&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Gay Pride Month 2020

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAStonewall Inn (#14) pride weekend 2016 Image taken from Wikimedia Commons. Image licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

“The spirit that emerged outside a Mafia-run bar in 1969 became the pulse of the gay community and inspired not just an annual parade but ways to express gay pride in individual lives.
Stonewall happens every day.”

― Ann Bausum, Stonewall: Breaking Out in the Fight for Gay Rights

June is Gay Pride Month, and this year celebrates the impetus of the Pride movement, the Stonewall Riots of 1969. In recent years, we have witnessed laws passed ensuring marriage and workplace equality for the LGBTQ+ community. These rights were won through years of protest and legal battles – the will to fight for all of these hard-won rights began at the popular NYC hangout The Stonewall bar, which was also the epicenter of the Manhattan Gay and Lesbian community.

The New York City Police department would regularly raid the bar, arresting, or in some cases, brutally assaulting many of the customers. On June 28th 1969, the patrons of the Stonewall decided to fight back, inciting a riot when NYC Police attempted yet another raid. This time the police were met with stiff resistance, and from this uprising was born the Pride Movement, which has been fighting for equality ever since.

To read about the Stonewall Riots, and other stories about early champions of the Gay Rights Movement, start with the resources listed below. When performing your own search, make sure to utilize the filtering menus in the library catalog and library databases. 

Helpful search terms for your research: Gay Pride, LGBTQ+, Stonewall Riots, Marriage Equality

Electronic Resources

The Wedding Heard ‘Round the World: America’s First Gay Marriage by Michael McConnell, Jack Baker, and Gail Langer Karwoski – 2016

https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.ezproxy.vccs.edu:2443/lib/jsrcc/detail.action?docID=4391858

Law and the Gay Rights Story: The Long Search for Equal Justice in a Divided Democracy by Walter Frank – 2014

https://vcc-srl-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/1r9mc31/01VCC_NETWORK_ALMA5158073000004386

VIDEO

After Stonewall: America’s LGBT Movement – 1977

https://vcc-srl-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/anvtfj/01VCC_NETWORK_ALMA5166190510004386

BOOKS

The Stonewall Riots by Laurie Collier Hillstrom – 2016

Available in the Parham Circulating Collection

https://vcc-srl-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/1r9mc31/01VCC_NETWORK_ALMA990025418490204393

The Gay Revolution: The Story of the Struggle by Lillian Faderman

Available in the Parham circulating collection

https://vcc-srl-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/1r9mc31/01VCC_NETWORK_ALMA990023015640204393

Stand By Me: The Forgotten History of Gay Liberation by Jim Downs

Available in the Downtown circulating collection

https://vcc-srl-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/1r9mc31/01VCC_NETWORK_ALMA990023532550204393

June: Loving v. Virginia

In June of 1967, the Lovings won a landmark civil liberties case against the Commonwealth of Virginia’s interracial marriage laws and were the first of many couples to celebrate the downfall of Anti-miscegenation Laws that were in effect across the Southern states. June 12th is the day that we celebrate the accomplishment of one couple in the face of a tyrannical law that opened the gates for a multitude of couples across these United States.

Mildred and Richard Loving

Calhan, Greger. “A Loving Reality for All.” American Civil Liberties Union, ACLU, 14 June 2013, https://www.aclu.org/blog/lgbt-rights/lgbt-relationships/loving-reality-all.

Carrington, Adam M. “Free and Happy Bonds: Loving V. Virginia’s Nineteenth-Century Precedent on Marriage and the Pursuit of Happiness.” Perspectives on Political Science, vol. 45, no. 2, Routledge, 2016, pp. 87–96, doi:10.1080/10457097.2015.1111733.

Gordon-Reed, Annette. Race on Trial : Law and Justice in American History. Oxford University Press, 2002.

Infobase, film distributor, and MacNeil/Lehrer Productions. Mildred Loving and Interracial Marriage. MacNeil/Lehrer Productions, 2008.

YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q-qlS_J4Mho&feature=youtu.be. Accessed 27 May 2020.

Black History Month

This month the DTC Library put up a display on Black History Month based entirely on Google’s site that shows the most searched people in the past 15 years.

In honor of Black History Month, Google is celebrating the icons and moments that have been searched more than any others in the United States.

All the images and write-ups about the most searched people were found on this Google site. The books are available for checkout at all campus libraries. Enjoy the video below.

New business & technology database – O’Reilly for Higher Education

Check out our new business & technology database, O’Reilly for Higher Education. This digital collection which replaces the Safari eBooks database, includes more than 38,000 book titles and more than 30,000 hours of video. Topics range from programming to IT networking to project management to graphic design to business strategy to career development. The O’Reilly database provides unlimited access to any resource in its collection. When accessing this database from both on & off campus, you will be prompted to login with your My Reynolds username & password.

The O’Reilly for Higher Education database content includes:

  • eBooks
  • audio books
  • training videos & interactive tutorials
  • case studies
  • code snippets
  • certification preparation materials
  • practice exercises
  • And much more

**An important note for instructors that may have assigned specific titles in the Safari eBook database in past semesters, please be aware that eBook titles once available in the Safari database may not be available in the new O’Reilly database.

To familiarize yourself with the O’Reilly database, check out this helpful user guide or YouTube video. Once logged into the O’Reilly database, you can also check out their Support Center website.

For instructors that are interested in linking to specific O’Reilly resources in their Canvas courses, check out this page.

Changes to Kanopy Video Streaming

Beginning 12/18/2019, the Kanopy video streaming resource now only allows unlimited streaming for the titles that the library has paid an annual license for.  The previous model of unlimited streaming for all titles was not financially sustainable. We are hopeful that the new model still allows easy access to the most highly demanded and requested films used by our faculty, staff, and students in support of the course curriculum.

When you access the Kanopy homepage, all the titles you see in the categories section are videos we currently have licensed and are instantly streamable. Simply click on the title you wish to stream and then click on the play button:

kanopy1

In addition, anyone can submit a purchase request for any title that we don’t currently have licensed.  Submitting a request does not guarantee that we can purchase the title; however, we will try and honor requests based on the needs of the requester and the current library budget.

Requesting a title is easy.  When you encounter a title we currently do not have licensed, fill out the form and click the “Request Access” button:

kanopy2

You will receive a submission confirmation via email. A librarian will follow up with you within 48 hours to update you with the status of your request.

Do not hesitate to Ask Us if you have any questions regarding Kanopy or if you encounter any issues with access and/or streaming.  We are happy that we can continue to provide access to this popular and useful resource!

Reynolds Libraries offer extended hours during exam weeks: Fall 2019

extended-hoursTo help Reynolds students prepare for final exams,  Reynolds Libraries will extend its hours of operation during the last weeks of the semester at the Parham and Downtown campuses.

Extended Hours Schedule:

7:45 am – 10:00 pm          Monday, Dec. 2nd – Thursday, Dec. 5th

7:45 am – 5:00 pm            Friday, Dec, 6th

8:00 am – 2:00 pm            Saturday, Dec. 7th (Downtown Library only)

10:00 am – 4: 00 pm         Saturday, Dec. 7th, (Parham Library only)

7:45 am – 10:00 pm          Monday, Dec. 9th – Thursday, Dec. 12th

7:45 am – 5:00 pm            Friday, Dec. 13rd

We hope the extended hours will provide you a safe and comfortable learning environment and to offer you the research assistance you need for your final exams and papers.

Good luck!

APA Style Changes – Highlights from the new 7th Edition

apa-7th-ed

The 7th edition of APA’s Publication Manual is now available. As stated on the APA Style blog, “The transition to seventh edition APA Style will not happen overnight. Although the new Publication Manual was released in October 2019, we anticipate that most students and professionals will start using seventh edition style in the spring semester of 2020 or thereafter.” Reynolds Libraries will update its Citation Style: APA LibGuide by the early part of next year. Below are some highlights of the new changes:

 Formatting changes:

  • New guidelines for formatting student papers
  • More options for choosing a font size and style (other than Times New Roman 12) as long as the fonts are legible and widely available
  • One space after sentence period
  • More quotations will be used rather than italicizing words
  • In-text citations – if a source was written by 3 or more authors, you can use et al.

More Citation examples:

  • The new manual includes more citation examples that include classroom material, Intranet sources, and social media such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter

eBooks and articles database:

  • Continue to use the DOI # for journal articles that include a DOI #.
  • Journal articles without a DOI # including eBooks, magazine and newspaper articles found in a database should be treated as print works. Do not list the database name or the URL of the publisher’s home page. Only include database information in the reference if the source comes from a database that publishes original, proprietary content, such as UpToDate. For an explanation of this change, click here.

Hyperlinks/URLs:

  • Present both DOIs and URLs as hyperlinks (i.e., beginning with “http:” or “https:” –  https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000185).
  • Because a hyperlink leads readers directly to the content, it is no longer necessary to include the words “Retrieved from” or “Accessed from” before a DOI or URL.
  • It is acceptable to use either the default display settings for hyperlinks in your word-processing program (e.g., usually blue font, underlined) or plain text that is not underlined.
  • Leave links live if the work is to be published or read online.

Publisher information:

  • Publisher location is no longer necessary (same as MLA guidelines)

Help Tools:

  • Reynolds Libraries will be ordering the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual which will be made available at each campus library.
  • APA is planning to develop a tutorial on the 7th edition changes which should be made available sometime in 2020.
  • The APA Style website has been recently updated to include the 7th edition changes – https://apastyle.apa.org/. Check out the information under “Style and Grammar Guidelines” and “Instructional Aids.”
  • APA style questions can be sent via email to StyleExpert@apa.org
  • The Concise Guide to APA Style for Students will be available in December 2019. “This easy-to-use pocket guide is adapted from the seventh edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and is designed specifically for undergraduate writing.”