On June 19th, 1865, in Galveston, Texas Union Major General Gordon Granger read General Order Number Three to an assembled group of people stating that all slaves were free. This was the news that resulted from Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation from Jan. 1, 1863 as it finally reached all states, and Texas became the very last state to hear of the news. Within the black community, this announcement sparked an immediate celebration, and was again celebrated the following year. Years later at Booker T. Washington Park in Limestone, Texas the celebrations drew thousands of people in commemoration of this freedom. Black families gathered together that day to commemorate their final notification that slavery had officially ended.
As a result the date of June 19th was known as the blended word, Juneteenth, and celebrations spread throughout Texas and neighboring states. In the 19th century, festivities included the reading of the Emancipation Proclamation, slave stories, prayer, speeches, rodeos, dances, games and lots of food. As populations spread from the southern United States to more urban areas the celebrations continued. In the 1970’s the popularity of Juneteenth was resurfacing in Texas, and in 1980 it became a state holiday. Celebrations now include many festivities in many states as a celebration of freedom from slavery.
“The spirit that emerged outside a Mafia-run bar in 1969 became the pulse of the gay community and inspired not just an annual parade but ways to express gay pride in individual lives. Stonewall happens every day.” ― Ann Bausum, Stonewall: Breaking Out in the Fight for Gay Rights
June is Gay Pride Month, and this year celebrates the impetus of the Pride movement, the Stonewall Riots of 1969. In recent years, we have witnessed laws passed ensuring marriage and workplace equality for the LGBTQ+ community. These rights were won through years of protest and legal battles – the will to fight for all of these hard-won rights began at the popular NYC hangout The Stonewall bar, which was also the epicenter of the Manhattan Gay and Lesbian community.
The New York City Police department would regularly raid the bar, arresting, or in some cases, brutally assaulting many of the customers. On June 28th 1969, the patrons of the Stonewall decided to fight back, inciting a riot when NYC Police attempted yet another raid. This time the police were met with stiff resistance, and from this uprising was born the Pride Movement, which has been fighting for equality ever since.
To read about the Stonewall Riots, and other stories about early champions of the Gay Rights Movement, start with the resources listed below. When performing your own search, make sure to utilize the filtering menus in the library catalog and library databases. If you need help with your search, don’t hesitate to visit a librarian on the Zoom Library Space at this link between 8AM to 4PM Monday through Friday: https://vccs.zoom.us/j/383422033 – If prompted for a meeting ID, please enter 383-422-033
Helpful search terms for your research: Gay Pride, LGBTQ+, Stonewall Riots, Marriage Equality
The Wedding Heard ‘Round the World: America’s First Gay Marriageby Michael McConnell, Jack Baker, and Gail Langer Karwoski – 2016
In June of 1967, the Lovings won a landmark civil liberties case against the Commonwealth of Virginia’s interracial marriage laws and were the first of many couples to celebrate the downfall of Anti-miscegenation Laws that were in effect across the Southern states. June 12th is the day that we celebrate the accomplishment of one couple in the face of a tyrannical law that opened the gates for a multitude of couples across these United States.
Carrington, Adam M. “Free and Happy Bonds: Loving V. Virginia’s Nineteenth-Century Precedent on Marriage and the Pursuit of Happiness.” Perspectives on Political Science, vol. 45, no. 2, Routledge, 2016, pp. 87–96, doi:10.1080/10457097.2015.1111733.
Gordon-Reed, Annette. Race on Trial : Law and Justice in American History. Oxford University Press, 2002.
Infobase, film distributor, and MacNeil/Lehrer Productions. Mildred Loving and Interracial Marriage. MacNeil/Lehrer Productions, 2008.
Check out our new business & technology database, O’Reilly for Higher Education. This digital collection which replaces the Safari eBooks database, includes more than 38,000 book titles and more than 30,000 hours of video. Topics range from programming to IT networking to project management to graphic design to business strategy to career development. The O’Reilly database provides unlimited access to any resource in its collection. When accessing this database from both on & off campus, you will be prompted to login with your My Reynolds username & password.
**An important note for instructors that may have assigned specific titles in the Safari eBook database in past semesters, please be aware that eBook titles once available in the Safari database may not be available in the new O’Reilly database.
To familiarize yourself with the O’Reilly database, check out this helpful user guide or YouTube video. Once logged into the O’Reilly database, you can also check out their Support Center website.
For instructors that are interested in linking to specific O’Reilly resources in their Canvas courses, check out this page.
Beginning 12/18/2019, the Kanopy video streaming resource now only allows unlimited streaming for the titles that the library has paid an annual license for. The previous model of unlimited streaming for all titles was not financially sustainable. We are hopeful that the new model still allows easy access to the most highly demanded and requested films used by our faculty, staff, and students in support of the course curriculum.
When you access the Kanopy homepage, all the titles you see in the categories section are videos we currently have licensed and are instantly streamable. Simply click on the title you wish to stream and then click on the play button:
In addition, anyone can submit a purchase request for any title that we don’t currently have licensed. Submitting a request does not guarantee that we can purchase the title; however, we will try and honor requests based on the needs of the requester and the current library budget.
Requesting a title is easy. When you encounter a title we currently do not have licensed, fill out the form and click the “Request Access” button:
You will receive a submission confirmation via email. A librarian will follow up with you within 48 hours to update you with the status of your request.
Do not hesitate to Ask Us if you have any questions regarding Kanopy or if you encounter any issues with access and/or streaming. We are happy that we can continue to provide access to this popular and useful resource!
The 7th edition of APA’s Publication Manual is now available. As stated on the APA Style blog, “The transition to seventh edition APA Style will not happen overnight. Although the new Publication Manual was released in October 2019, we anticipate that most students and professionals will start using seventh edition style in the spring semester of 2020 or thereafter.” Reynolds Libraries will update its Citation Style: APA LibGuide by the early part of next year. Below are some highlights of the new changes:
New guidelines for formatting student papers
More options for choosing a font size and style (other than Times New Roman 12) as long as the fonts are legible and widely available
One space after sentence period
More quotations will be used rather than italicizing words
In-text citations – if a source was written by 3 or more authors, you can use et al.
More Citation examples:
The new manual includes more citation examples that include classroom material, Intranet sources, and social media such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter
eBooks and articles database:
Continue to use the DOI # for journal articles that include a DOI #.
Journal articles without a DOI # including eBooks, magazine and newspaper articles found in a database should be treated as print works. Do not list the database name or the URL of the publisher’s home page. Only include database information in the reference if the source comes from a database that publishes original, proprietary content, such as UpToDate. For an explanation of this change, click here.
The Concise Guide to APA Style for Students will be available in December 2019. “This easy-to-use pocket guide is adapted from the seventh edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and is designed specifically for undergraduate writing.”
Parham Campus Library put up a 1969 display this summer, and the Downtown Campus is finally putting up a display before the year is over. We are also using the beautiful graphic that KC from PRC Library created. It is amazing how some things have changed based on actions taken in 1969 and how other things have not changed at all. Below are some examples.
June 22, In Cleveland the Cuyahoga River became heavily affected by industrial pollution, so much so that it “caught fire” at least 13 times, most famously on June 22, 1969, when it helped spur the American environmental movement with the Clean Water Act and the Environmental Protection Agency.
June 28, In the early hours 8 police officers raided the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City’s Greenwich Village. Police raided the bar because it had refused to pay an increase in bribery. This led to a clash in what came to be called The Stonewall Rebellion, an incident considered the birth of the gay rights movement. Some 400 to 1,000 patrons rioted against police for 3 days.
July 11, David Bowie (b.1947), British musician, released his single “Space Oddity,” supposedly in conjunction with the July 20 Apollo 11 moon landing.
July 18, A car driven by Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (1932-2009), D-Mass., plunged off a bridge on Chappaquiddick Island near Martha’s Vineyard. His passenger, 28-year-old Mary Jo Kopechne, died. Kennedy did not report the accident until it was discovered 9 hours later.
July 20, Astronaut Neil Armstrong took his legendary “one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” He and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin made the first successful landing of a manned vehicle on the moon’s Sea of Tranquility when they touched down in Apollo 11.
July 25, A week after the Chappaquiddick accident that claimed the life
of Mary Jo Kopechne, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy pleaded guilty to a charge of
leaving the scene of an accident.
August 17, Hurricane Camille hit the Gulf Coast at Pass Christian, MS., leaving 256 people killed in Louisiana and Mississippi. A widespread area of western and central Virginia received over 8 inches of rain from Camille’s remains, leading to significant flooding across the state. A total of 153 people lost their lives from blunt trauma sustained during mountain slides, related to the flash flooding, not drowning. More than 123 of these deaths, including 21 members of one family, the Huffmans, were in Nelson County where the number of deaths amounted to over one percent of the county’s population. Hurricane Camille caused more than $140 million of damage (1969 dollars) in Virginia. The book, Roar of the Heavens, available for checkout.
November 10, Sesame Street, a children’s show, premiered on the
National Education Television network (NET), which later became PBS.
November 13, Speaking in Des Moines, Iowa, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew
accused network television news departments of bias and distortion, and urged
viewers to lodge complaints.
November 20, A group of 80 Native Americans, all college students, seized Alcatraz Island in the name of “Indians of All Tribes.” The occupation lasted 19 months. They offered $24 in beads and cloth to buy the island, demanded an American Indian Univ., museum and cultural center, and listed reasons why the island was a suitable Indian reservation.
December 4, Fred Hampton, chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party, was shot and killed while asleep in bed during a police raid on his home.
December 14, The Jackson 5 appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show. Michael Jackson was 11.
December 18, Britain’s Parliament abolished the death penalty for
In 1969, Elisabeth Kubler-Ross (d.2004) wrote “On Death and
Dying.” The book helped to launch the hospice movement in the US.
In 1969, Marvel Comics introduced Falcon, the first African-American superhero, in an issue of its Captain America comics.